Invitation for International Surveys on WTO
 

WAPOR Regional Seminar in Hong Kong
"Public Opinion: East Meets West"
December 8-10, 2005

Special Panel on
"World Trade Organization from the perspective of
international public opinion"
 
All WAPOR members, especially National Representatives, are invited to participate in our Special Panel on "World Trade Organization from the perspective of international public opinion" by running 5 standard questions in their national or regional surveys, and present them either in Hong Kong at 0900 on December 10 (Saturday) or around the same time in their own country.
 
All datasets gathered will be shared among participating researchers, and any researcher can use the dataset of any other researcher at will, with proper acknowledgement. We recommend that the fieldwork of the surveys be conducted any time in the month of October, and the findings be submitted to the Hong Kong Conference c/o [email protected] on or before November 10, 2005.
 
Standard opinion questions on WTO for world surveys (English version)
 
1. Do you know whether [your country] is a member of the WTO, that is, World Trade Organization? [Interviewer to de-brief each respondent after coding and entering the answer - "In fact, [your country] has joined the WTO in ." or "In fact, [your country] has not joined the WTO."]
 
2. [For countries already joined WTO] Do you think joining the WTO have made [your country] better or worse in terms of economic development?

[For countries not yet joined] Do you think joining the WTO would make [your country] better or worse in terms of economic development?
  • Better
  • Worse
  • No change
  • Don't know / hard to say
  • Refused to answer
 
3. Some people divide the world into developed and developing countries or areas. Would you say WTO has brought more good or harm to developed countries or areas in the world?
  • More good
  • More harm
  • Half-half
  • Don't know / hard to say
  • Refused to answer
 
4. Would you say WTO has brought more good or harm to developing countries in the world?
  • More good
  • More harm
  • Half-half
  • Don't know / hard to say
  • Refused to answer
 
5. Would you say WTO has brought more good or harm to the world on the whole?
  • More good
  • More harm
  • Half-half
  • Don't know / hard to say
  • Refused to answer
 
Standard opinion questions on WTO for world surveys (Chinese version)
 
1. 就你所知,〔你的國家〕是否世界貿易組織成員? 〔訪員解釋:「其實,〔你的國家〕已經加入世界貿易組織。」或者:「其實,〔你的國家〕並未加入世界貿易組織」。〕
 
2.〔已經加入世界貿易組織的國家或地區續問〕你認為加入世界貿易組織後使〔你的國家〕的經濟發展更佳還是更差?

〔沒有加入世界貿易組織的國家或地區續問〕你估計加入世界貿易組織會使〔你的國家〕的經濟發展更佳還是更差?
  • 更佳
  • 更差
  • 不變
  • 不知道 / 很難說
  • 拒絕回答
 
3. 有人把世界分成已發展和發展中國家,你認為世界貿易組織後對已發展國家的影響是好處多還是壞處多?
  • 好處較多
  • 壞處較多
  • 好壞參半
  • 不知道 / 很難說
  • 拒絕回答
 
4. 你認為世界貿易組織後對發展中國家的影響是好處多還是壞處多?
  • 好處較多
  • 壞處較多
  • 好壞參半
  • 不知道 / 很難說
  • 拒絕回答
 
5. 你認為世界貿易組織後對整個世界的影響是好處多還是壞處多?
  • 好處較多
  • 壞處較多
  • 好壞參半
  • 不知道 / 很難說
  • 拒絕回答
 
Points to note
 
(1) Definition of developed and developing countries
 
 
There is no established convention for the designation of developed and developing countries or areas in the United Nations system. In common practice, Japan in Asia, Canada and the United States in northern America, Australia and New Zealand in Oceania and Europe are considered developed regions or areas. In international trade statistics, the Southern African Customs Union is also treated as developed region and Israel as a developed country; countries emerging from the former Yugoslavia are treated as developing countries; and countries of eastern Europe and the former USSR countries in Europe are not included under either developed or developing regions.
 
(2) Recording research design
 
The research design, including but not restricted to, survey method (preferably by random telephone survey), sampling method, weighting procedures, languages used, and so on, should be recorded in detail, together with the questionnaire in full. For omnibus surveys, questions unrelated to the topic can be excluded from the questionnaire, but the number, topic and location of such "irrelevant" questions in the questionnaire should be reported.
 
(3) Recording contact information
 
We recommend using the following table to record contact information and for calculating "response rates". Researchers who wish to adopt other standards are welcome, but such information should be recorded in detail, in order to compare contact information and response rates on equal grounds. Please note that the figures recorded in the following table are used for illustration only.
   Frequency  Percentage
  Respondents' ineligibility confirmed  2,390   33.2 
  Fax / data line  393   5.5 
  Invalid number  1,338   18.6 
  Call-forwarding/ mobile/ pager number  23   0.3 
  Non-residential number  414   5.7 
  Special technological difficulties  119   1.7 
  No eligible respondents  103   1.4 
 
  Respondents' eligibility not confirmed  2,845   39.4 
  Line busy  281   3.9 
  No answer  1,494   20.7 
  Answering device  29   0.4 
  Call-blocking  259   3.6 
  Language problem  225   3.1 
  Interview terminated before the screening question  518   7.2 
  Others  39   0.5 
 
  Respondents' eligibility confirmed, but failed to complete the interview  966   13.5 
  Household-level refusal  11   0.2 
  Known respondent refusal  7   0.1 
  Appointment date beyond the fieldwork period  786   10.9 
  Partial interview  89   1.3 
  Miscellaneous  73   1.0 
 
  Successful cases  1,008   14.0 
 
  Total  7,209   100.0 
 
Response rate calculated using the above figures = [ Successful cases / (Successful cases + Incomplete cases* + Refusal cases by eligible respondents) ] = [ 1,008 / (1,008 + 607 + 18) ] = 61.7%
 
* "Incomplete cases" including "partial interview" and "interview terminated before the screening question"
 
The Chinese equivalent of the above table of contact information is as follows:
   頻數  百分比
  確定為不合資格的電話號碼  2,390   33.2 
  傳真機號碼  393   5.5 
  無效電話號碼  1,338   18.6 
  電話轉駁號碼  23   0.3 
  非住戶電話號碼  414   5.7 
  技術問題  119   1.7 
  被訪者不合資格  103   1.4 
 
  未能確定是否具合資格被訪者的電話號碼  2,845   39.4 
  電話線路繁忙  281   3.9 
  電話無人接聽  1,494   20.7 
  電話錄音  29   0.4 
  密碼阻隔  259   3.6 
  言語不通  225   3.1 
  被訪者於篩選題前中斷訪問  518   7.2 
  其他線路問題  39   0.5 
 
  確定具合資格被訪者的電話號碼,但未能進行訪問  966   13.5 
  家人拒絕接受訪問  11   0.2 
  被訪者拒絕接受訪問  7   0.1 
  預約跨越調查期限  786   10.9 
  未能完成整個訪問  89   1.3 
  其他問題  73   1.0 
 
  成功樣本  1,008   14.0 
 
  合計  7,209   100.0 
 
整體回應比率 = [ 成功訪問樣本 / (成功訪問樣本 + 未完成整個訪問樣本* + 合資格而拒絕者) ] = [ 1,008 / (1,008 + 607 + 18) ] = 61.7%
 
* 「未完成整個訪問樣本」包括「 未能完成整個訪問」及「被訪者於篩選題前中斷訪問」。
 
(4) Additional questions and further analysis
 
Other than the five key questions on WTO listed in this document, researchers are welcome to include additional questions on WTO (provided that the five questions are kept intact at the beginning of all WTO-related questions), and perform in-depth analysis using whatever demographic or interdependent variables deem necessary.
 
(5) Time schedule
 
Because the main findings from all surveys will be released in the morning of 10 December 2005 (Saturday) in the WAPOR Hong Kong Conference, we would like to set 10 November as the deadline for all participating researchers to submit their findings to the conference. We recommend that the fieldwork of the surveys be conducted any time in the month of October.
 
After 10 December 2005, all datasets will be shared among participating researchers, and any researcher can use the dataset of any other researcher at will, with proper acknowledgement.


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